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A Voice for our Ocean

Food Wrappers Top List of Items Found on Beaches, Waterways Worldwide for First Time in More than Three Decades, Ocean Conservancy Report Reveals

Volunteers Removed Nearly 5 Million Food Wrappers in a Single Day during 2019 International Coastal Cleanup, Displacing Cigarette Butts as Number-One for First Time since 1986

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Washington, D.C. – Ocean Conservancy released the results of the 2019 International Coastal Cleanup (ICC) today, revealing that for the first time in ICC history, cigarette butts were displaced as the number-one-reported item along beaches and waterways worldwide. Instead, food wrappers topped the list, with 943,195 volunteers removing a record 4,771,602 food wrappers in a single day. Food wrappers – a category consisting of chip bags, candy wrappers, drink pouches and similar flexible packaging – are usually made of plastics. Because they are often low-density and composed of multiple layers of plastics and other materials, these items are effectively unrecyclable.

A 2017 study calculated that nearly 45% of all plastic production in Europe, the U.S., China and India between 2002 and 2014 went toward packaging, compared with less than 19% for the next-largest use category (building and construction). The Environmental Protection Agency reports that just 13% of plastic containers and packaging were recycled in the U.S. in 2017 – the lowest recycling rate among all container and packaging types. That same year, plastics swept the ICC top-10 list for the first time, with all but two item categories (cigarette butts and straws and stirrers) relating to packaging.

“In the early days of the ICC, volunteers were finding glass bottles, metal cans, paper bags, and other items that have increasingly been replaced by plastic alternatives,” said Allison Schutes, director of Ocean Conservancy’s International Coastal Cleanup. “As a result, more and more food-related plastics are ending up in our environment, where they persist and threaten wildlife indefinitely.”

Food wrappers are uniquely challenging from an environmental stewardship perspective because they are difficult, if not impossible, to recycle, and yet there are few comparable alternatives.

“We can recycle plastic bottles, we can bring our own bags to the supermarket, and many of us can even skip the plastic straw altogether; but when it comes to keeping food fresh, safe, and accessible, manufacturers have put most of their research and development energy into disposable plastics,” said Nick Mallos, senior director of Ocean Conservancy’s Trash Free Seas® program. “We need food science and packaging experts to accelerate research and development of packaging that isn’t destined for landfills, and that keeps both people and our ocean safe and healthy.”

In all, 943,195 volunteers in 116 countries collected nearly 32.5 million pieces of trash, including 4.2 million cigarette butts (which contain plastic filters); 1.9 million plastic beverage bottles; 1.5 million plastic bottle caps; and 942,992 straws and stirrers. In total, volunteers removed 20.8 million pounds (or 9.4 million kilograms) of trash during last year’s ICC.

With these latest results, more than 16.5 million volunteers have collected more than 344.6 million pounds of trash from beaches and waterways worldwide since 1986, when Ocean Conservancy first mobilized the annual ICC.

The findings were revealed to coincide with the 35th anniversary of the ICC, usually held the third Saturday in September. With the COVID-19 pandemic still prevalent in many parts of the world, Ocean Conservancy has taken a different approach this year, encouraging ICC coordinators and volunteers to #CleanOn by adopting waste reduction measures at home or participating in solo or small-group cleanups.

“The ICC is about community and collective action, and we – and the ocean – need that now more than ever,” said Schutes. “That’s why we are recommending that volunteers work ‘together, apart,’ through individual or small-group cleanups as well as at-home initiatives that help keep trash and plastics out of our ocean.”

In addition to cleaning beaches and waterways, ICC volunteers contribute to the world’s largest database on marine debris by logging each trash item on a paper data card or into Ocean Conservancy’s award-nominated Clean Swell mobile app. Scientists, researchers, industry leaders and policymakers rely on Ocean Conservancy’s Ocean Trash Index to inform policy and determine solutions to the growing ocean plastic pollution crisis. An estimated 11 million metric tons of plastic waste flows into the ocean annually, impacting more than 800 animal species.

Ocean Conservancy will be celebrating the 2020 International Coastal Cleanup throughout the month of September. Visit for ways to participate.


MEDIA NOTE: For additional resources, including photos of food wrappers and a fact sheet on plastic packaging, please access our media toolkit here.

About Ocean Conservancy

Ocean Conservancy is working with you to protect the ocean from today’s greatest global challenges. Together, we create science-based solutions for a healthy ocean and the wildlife and communities that depend on it. For more information, visit, or follow us on FacebookTwitter or Instagram.

Our Partners

Supporting partners of Ocean Conservancy’s International Coastal Cleanup (ICC) make the ICC possible. American Express has supported the ICC since 2018, and over the past two years, colleagues have come together to volunteer to clean up their local beaches and waterways. The Coca-Cola Foundation has supported the ICC for 25 years, and as a lead supporting partner bolsters Ocean Conservancy’s work and the global network of ICC coordinators in their vital efforts. For two decades, Bank of America has supported the ICC and has mobilized employees around the world to volunteer on behalf of a healthy ocean. The PepsiCo Foundation recently joined forces with Ocean Conservancy to become an ICC partner to keep our ocean clean and thriving across the globe. Other supporting partners of the 2020 International Coastal Cleanup include Breitling, Dow, Garnier, the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Pacific Life Foundation, The Starbucks Foundation, Brunswick Public Foundation, Cox Enterprises, the Martin Foundation and the Philip Stephenson Foundation.

Media Contact

Jordana Lewis




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