Wildlife Fact Sheets

Steller Sea Lion

Steller Sea Lion

Steller Sea Lion

Eumetopias jubatus

  • Life Span
    Up to 18 years for males and up to 30 years for females
  • Habitat
    I spend most of my time near the Pacific and Arctic coasts and coastal waters.
  • Range
    My family and I are mostly found near the coasts and in the waters of the northern Pacific Ocean.
  • Preferred Food
    Mainly various fishes and invertebrates


I’m the biggest, baddest sea lion around. Well, at least the biggest—we Steller sea lions can weigh up to 2,500 pounds! Bull males are by far the largest and the heaviest; up to three times the size of the average female. When I rush ashore for mating, it turns into a pretty wild stampede. But, I’m just trying to grab territory to impress potential mates!

We’re a very social bunch. During mating season, thousands of us can gather on a single beach in huge colonies. I also like to get together with my Steller sea lion buddies at other times of the year in little reunions (not to brag, but I’m known for throwing pretty great parties).

Did You Know?

Unlike “true seals” such as harbor seals and elephant seals, sea lions have long front flippers and hind flippers that can rotate, allowing me to move much better on land.

Status and Conservation

I’m pretty chatty when I’m around my friends—I use grumbles, growls and roars to communicate. When I’m gathered with others during mating season it can get very loud (trust me). Males develop long, coarse manes as we get older, similar to a lion’s mane. (Like a lion…of the sea! Get it?)

Fast Facts


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